Full Name: Religious Society of Friends
Founded: Great Britain, 1647
Founder: George Fox
Derivation of Full Name: Jesus said, "You are my friends if you do what I command you" (Christian scripture, John 15:14).
Derivation of Common Name (Quakers): Intended as an insult to George Fox by a judge during one of his blasphemy trials, it was gladly accepted by Fox and other Friends, who reminded people to, "tremble at the word of the Lord."
Adherents: 300,000 worldwide, concentrated in the United States, United Kingdom, and Kenya
Ranking: About 22nd
Texts: Bible-based; also recognizes wisdom in sacred literature of all faiths
Clergy: None; however, an individual congregation may choose to have paid religious leadership
Imagery: In the 19th-century and earlier, Quaker plain dress served as an image of the Quaker faith (see this style worn by the man depicted on the Quaker Oats (TM) oatmeal boxes).
Terms and Fundamental Precepts:
- Balance — work to create harmony between their inner journey and their outward (physical) one
- Equality — unequivocally, Quakers value all people equally
- Meeting — a group of Quakers gathered in community or worship, e.g., New England Yearly Meeting, Meeting for Worship (not a service), Meeting for Worship with a Concern for Business
- Peace — unwavering commitment to nonviolence and peaceful resolutions
- Peace Testimony — statement of belief and intent to live without violence
- Plainness — plain dress, plain speech, plain truth; an expression of a consistent effort to live simply and honestly.
Shared with Unitarian Universalism:
- Value peace and nonviolence
- Quakers: no hierarchy in Meeting; UUs: congregational polity
- Wisdom from sacred literature of all faiths is recognized
- Belief in individual revelation; that is, "Truth" is within each person
- Equality of all people
- Commitment to social justice and social service
- Religious diversity is actively valued, as a path to and means of refining truth