Emerged: Indigenous faith of India.
Adherents: 900 million.
Ranking: Fourth, behind Christianity, Islam, and Atheism/Agnosticism.
Prophets: None, although there are numerous lineages of revered gurus and saints. Famous Hindu religious leaders include Mohandas Gandhi and Paramahansa Yogananda, founder of the Self-Realization Fellowship.
Texts: The Bhagavad Gita, the Vedas (including the Upanishads), Mahabharata, Ramavana, Puranas, the Tantras. Of these, the Vedas are the most important and are considered basic truths.
Clergy: Religious authority is transmitted personally through an established lineage of gurus. There is no administrative structure or person as a final authority in Hinduism.
Symbols: There are many symbols of Hinduism, as varied as the faces of God. Each god and goddess (i.e., each facet of the divine) has a symbol or symbols. Here are three important symbols:
Terms and Fundamental Precepts:
Shared with Unitarian Universalism:
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Last updated on Tuesday, November 1, 2011.
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