Shiites or Shi'i
Meaning of name
"tradition" or "well-trodden path"
"partisans of Ali"
85-90 percent of Muslims,
10-15 percent of Muslims,
Did Muhammad designate a successor?
True successor of the Prophet
Abu Bakr, father of Muhammad's wife, A'isha
Ali ibn Abi Talib, husband of Fatimah, Muhammad's daughter
Qualifications for leader of the faith
Tribe of the Prophet; later, any qualified ruler
Family of the Prophet
Imam is a prayer leader; no clerical hierarchy
Imam is exalted position; Ayatollah is title for highest imams
Quality of imams
Infallible manifestations of God; perfect interpreters of the Qur'an
Approach to Islam
Qur'an applies to entire life; individuals approach God directly
More orthodox; Qur'an and laws interpreted by clerics
Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
Mecca, Najaf, Karbala, Medina, Jerusalem
Day of communal worship (not considered Sabbath or a holy day)
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Last updated on Thursday, October 27, 2011.
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