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HANDOUT 2: Time Line of UU History

You can Download a word document of this timeline here. Timeline of UU History (pdf)

 

Date

Historical and Religious Events

Unitarian

Universalist

Unitarian Universalist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

230 C.E.

 

 

Origen, Of Principles

 

260

 

Sabellius

 

 

 

 

Paul of Samosata

 

 

325

Council of Nicea

Arius

 

 

431

Council of Ephesus reaffirms doctrine of trinity

 

 

 

451

Council of Chalcedon reaffirms doctrine of trinity

 

 

 

543

 

 

Justinian's edict condemns Origen's doctrine

 

544

 

 

Church Council declares universal salvation a heresy

 

927-70

 

Bogomils (followers of Paul of Samosata and Manichaean; precursors of Cathars, Waldenses, Anabaptists)

 

 

1328-84

John Wycliff

 

 

 

1453

Constantinople falls to Muslim Turks

 

 

 

1455

Gutenberg Bible

 

 

 

1517

Martin Luther publishes 95 Theses, launching the Reformation

 

 

 

1527

Charles V's sack of Rome

Martin Cellarius publishes On the Works of God, earliest antitrinitarian book

 

 

1531

 

Michael Servetus, On the Errors of the Trinity

 

 

1534

Church of England separated from Rome

 

 

 

1535

Calvin, Institution of Christian Religion

 

 

 

1539

 

 

 

 

1542

Inquisition assigned to Holy Office by Paul III

 

 

 

1543

Copernicus, Revolutionisbus Orbium Coelestorum

 

 

 

1545-63

Council of Trent (Counter-Reformation)

 

 

 

1549

Book of Common Prayer, Church of England

 

 

 

1553

 

Servetus burned at the stake, Geneva

 

 

1550

Council of Venice

 

 

 

 

Church of Strangers, London

 

 

 

1566

 

Frances David preaches against the doctrine of the trinity

 

 

1568

Edict of Torda

 

 

 

1579

 

Death of Frances David

 

 

1585

 

Rakow Press established

 

 

1591

 

Socinian church in Krakow destroyed by mob

 

 

1605

 

Racovian Catechism

 

 

1611

King James-authorized English translation of Bible is published

 

 

 

1619

First Africans arrive in Virginia w/same status as English indentured servants

 

 

 

1620

Plymouth Plantation founded

 

 

 

1628

Massachusetts Bay Colony founded as a self-governing theocracy

 

 

 

1635

Colony of Rhode Island established

 

 

 

1637

 

 

Samuel Gorton driven out of MA for religious radicalism in espousing universal salvation

 

1638

Diet of Dees

 

 

 

1642-60

English Civil Wars

 

 

 

1647

John Biddle, XII Arguments Drawn Out of the Scriptures

 

 

 

1648

Cambridge Platform

 

 

 

1649

Act for Religious Toleration passed by Maryland Assembly

 

 

 

1654

 

John Biddle banished to Scilly Isles

 

 

1658

 

Polish Diet banishes Socinians

 

 

1681

Wiliam Penn receives royal tract of land, founding the Pennsylvania colony

 

 

 

1703

 

Thomas Emlyn imprisoned in Dublin

 

 

1730s, '40s

The Great Awakening

 

 

 

1736

Charles and John Wesley arrive in Georgia

 

 

 

1741

 

 

George de Benneville emigrates to Pennsylvania

 

1742

 

Charles Chauncey, Enthusiasm Described and Cautioned Against

 

 

1743

 

 

Christopher Sower bible

 

1753

 

 

George deBenneville, The Everlasting Gospel

 

1759

 

 

James Relly, Union

 

1770

 

 

John Murray emigrates to the American colonies

 

1774

 

Essex St. Chapel established in London

 

 

1776-83

American War of Independence

 

 

 

1777

 

 

Caleb Rich organizes General Society to ordain ministers

 

1778

 

 

 

 

1779

 

 

First Universalist congregation in the Americas, Gloucester, Massachusetts

 

1785

 

 

Universalist Conference at Oxford, Massachusetts

 

1787

 

King's Chapel ordination of James Freeman

 

 

 

 

 

Elhanan Winchester, The Universal Restoration

 

1790

 

 

Judith Sargent Murray, On the Equality of the Sexes

 

 

 

 

Philadelphia Convention adopts declaration of faith

 

1791

 

Joseph Priestly's library burned in Birmingham, England

 

 

1793

Fugitive Slave Law

 

New England Convention of Universalists

 

1796

 

First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia

 

 

1800-40

Second Great Awakening

 

 

 

1802

 

Oldest Pilgrim church in America (f. 1620, Plymouth, Massachusetts) becomes Unitarian

 

 

1803

Louisiana Purchase

 

Winchester (New Hampshire) "Confession of Faith"

 

1804

"Jefferson" Bible

 

 

 

1805

 

 

Hosea Ballou, A Treatise on the Atonement

 

1805

 

Henry Ware, Sr. appointed as Hollis Professor of Divinity, Harvard

 

 

1811

 

Harvard Divinity School established

 

 

1812

War of 1812

 

 

 

1817

 

 

Restorationist Controversy begins

 

1818

 

Dedham case

 

 

1819

Toleration Act in New Hampshire, "Disestablishment"

Channing preaches "Unitarian Christianity," Baltimore, Maryland

Universalist Magazine weekly paper established

 

1820

 

Berry Street Conference

 

 

1821

 

The Christian Register first published

 

 

1825

Erie Canal completed

British and Foreign Unitarian Association founded

 

 

 

 

American Unitarian Association founded

 

 

1827

 

Unitarian Sunday School Society founded

 

 

1831

William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator

 

 

 

1832

 

First recorded meeting of Unitarians in Montreal

 

 

1833

Disestablishment of Congregational churches in Massachusetts

Lydia Maria Child, An Appeal in favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans

General Convention of Universalists in U.S. founded

 

1838

 

Ralph Waldo Emerson preaches "Divinity School Address"

 

 

1840-60

4.2 European immigrants, mostly German and Irish, arrive in the U.S.

 

 

 

1841

 

Theodore Parker preaches "Transient and Permanent in Christianity"

 

 

 

 

Church of the Disciples established in Boston

 

 

1842

 

First permanent Unitarian church in Canada established in Montreal

 

 

1843

 

 

Universalist church established in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

 

1844

 

Meadville Theological School established, Meadville, Pennsylvania

 

 

1845

 

Margaret Fuller, Women in the Nineteenth Century

 

 

1846

 

 

Adin Ballou, Christian Non-Resistance

 

1848

Seneca Falls Convention

 

 

 

1852

 

Western Unitarian Association founded

Tufts College established, Medford, Massachusetts

 

1856

Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell ordained

 

St. Lawrence University and Theological School established, Canton, New York

 

1859

Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species

 

 

 

1860-90

10 million Northern European and 1 million Scandinavian  immigrants arrive in the U.S.

 

 

 

1860

 

Thomas Starr King arrives in California

 

 

1861-64

American Civil War

 

 

 

1862

 

 

Universalist Publishing House established

 

1863

 

 

Ordination of Olympia Brown

 

1865

 

National Conference of Unitarian Churches founded

 

 

1866

 

 

Universalist General Convention

 

1867

 

Free Religious Association founded

 

 

1869

 

 

Women's Centenary Aid Association

 

1870

 

 

Centennial Convention (Gloucester, Massachusetts)

 

1880

 

Women's Auxiliary Conference

 

 

1884

 

James Freeman Clarke, Ten Great Religions

 

 

1887

 

Western Conference, The Things Most Commonly Believed Today Among Us

 

 

1888

 

 

Universalism declared the "6th largest denomination in the U.S."

 

1889

 

 

Young People's Christian Union

 

1890

 

 

Universalists establish churches in Japan

 

1893

World Parliament of Religions held at the Columbian Exposition of the Chicago World's Fair

 

 

 

1896

U.S. Supreme Court's Plessy v. Ferguson decision legalizes racial segregation

Young People's Religious Union

 

 

1900-17

New wave of immigration, primarily from Southern and Eastern Europe

 

 

 

1900

International Congress of Free Christians and Other Religious Liberals

 

 

 

1902

 

Beacon Press established

 

 

1904

 

Starr King School for the Ministry established, Berkeley, California

 

 

1915

D.W. Griffith's movie The Birth of a Nation - revived the KKK

 

 

 

1917-18

U.S. Involvement in WW I

 

 

 

1917

Walter Rauschenbusch, Christianizing the Social Order

 

Universalist Declaration of Social Principles drafted by Clarence Skinner

 

1919

19th Amendment, granting women the right to vote

 

 

 

1919-33

Prohibition

 

 

 

1925

Scopes Trial

National Conference and AUA merge

 

Universalists consider merger with Congregationalists

1929

Stock market crash, start of the Great Depression

 

 

 

1937

 

New Beacon Series of religious education materials launched

 

 

1933

First Humanist Manifesto

 

 

 

1936

 

"Unitarians Face a New Age" published

 

 

1937

 

 

 

Universalists consider merger with Unitarians (previous overtures 1899, 1925)

1939

 

Unitarian Service Committee organized

 

 

1940

 

 

Universalist Service Committee organized

 

1941-45

U.S. Involvement in WW II

 

 

 

1942

 

Norbert Capek dies at Dachau

Universalist Church of America

 

1944

 

Church of the Larger Fellowship organized

 

 

1945

 

 

Humiliati founded

 

1949

 

Unitarian Fellowship Movement founded

 

 

1953

 

 

 

Council of Liberal Churches (federation of Unitarian and Universalist publications, education and PR)

1954-55

Brown v. Board of Education

 

 

 

1956

Interstate Highway Act/start of urban renewal

 

 

 

1961

 

 

 

Unitarian Universalist Association formed

1961

 

Canadian Unitarian Council organized

 

 

1962

 

 

 

Canadian Unitarian Council officially relates to UUA

1962-65

Second Vatican Council

 

 

 

1963

 

 

 

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee

1964-73

U.S. Involvement in Vietnam War

 

 

 

1965

 

 

 

James Reeb and Viola Liuzzo die at Selma, Alabama

1967

 

 

 

Black Unitarian Universalist Caucus organized

1973

Second Humanist Manifesto

 

 

 

1977

 

 

 

Women and Religion resolution passed at General Assembly

1985

 

 

 

Principles and Purposes adopted

1995

 

 

 

Principles and Purposes amended

 

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Last updated on Wednesday, October 26, 2011.

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