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IF WE BELIEVE CAESAR'S COMMENTARIES ON THE GALLIC WAR, THE GAULS WERE GROANING IN HIS TIME UNDER THE PRESSURE OF TAXATION, AND STRUGGLED HARD TO REMOVE IT. ROME LIGHTENED THEIR BURDEN; BUT THE FISCAL SYSTEM OF THE METROPOLIS IMPERCEPTIBLY TOOK ROOT IN ALL THE ROMAN PROVINCES. THERE WAS AN ARBITRARY PERSONAL TAX, CALLED THE POLL TAX, AND A LAND TAX WHICH WAS NAMED CENS, CALCULATED ACCORDING TO THE AREA OF THE HOLDING. BESIDES THESE, THERE WERE TAXES ON ARTICLES OF CONSUMPTION, ON SALT, ON THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF ALL ARTICLES OF MERCHANDISE, ON SALES BY AUCTION; ALSO ON MARRIAGES, ON BURIALS, AND ON HOUSES. THERE WERE ALSO LEGACY AND SUCCESSION DUTIES, AND TAXES ON SLAVES, ACCORDING TO THEIR NUMBER. TOLLS ON HIGHWAYS WERE ALSO CREATED; AND THE TREASURY WENT SO FAR AS TO TAX THE HEARTH.
If we believe Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War, the Gauls were groaning in his time under the pressure of taxation, and struggled hard to remove it. Rome lightened their burden; but the fiscal system of the metropolis imperceptibly took root in all the Roman provinces. There was an arbitrary personal tax, called the poll tax, and a land tax which was named cens, calculated according to the area of the holding. Besides these, there were taxes on articles of consumption, on salt, on the import and export of all articles of merchandise, on sales by auction; also on marriages, on burials, and on houses. There were also legacy and succession duties, and taxes on slaves, according to their number. Tolls on highways were also created; and the treasury went so far as to tax the hearth.
Source: The Project Gutenberg EBook of Manners, Custom and Dress During the Middle Ages and During the Renaissance Period, by Paul Lacroix. Modifed to illustrate web usability principles.
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Last updated on Thursday, November 17, 2011.
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