Handout 2: Pan-American Unity - Panel 2
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Included in this panel are the following people and scenes. Can you identify them? Which of these relate to freedom and oppression?
- Helen Crlenkovich, 1920-1954, 1939 national diving champion, 1940 Olympic team member and CCSF graduate. She became a Hollywood stunt double and appears under water in the 1954 film, The Creature from the Black Lagoon.
- 450 Sutter Building, 1929, Timothy Pflueger, architect. Its elaborate entrance lobby is decorated with Mayan motifs.
- San Francisco Bay Bridge, 1936.
- Mardonio Magana, 1868-1947, peasant artist described by Rivera as "the greatest contemporary Mexican sculptor", at work on the head of Quetzalcoatl. Magana's work at the Museum of Modern Art in Mexico City is stylistically similar to Carter's (see No. 30).
- Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company Building, 1924, by architect Timothy Pflueger. Located at 140 New Montgomery St., it was San Francisco's tallest building when the mural was painted.
- Quetzalcoatl, the plumed serpent and supreme Aztec deity. In Aztec mythology, the serpent's movements symbolized waves of lightning, water, and strata of the soil. The brilliant colors of the Quetzal bird symbolized light.
- Mona Hofmann, Rivera's assistant on the mural who later left the project. In 1934, she worked with him in Mexico City on his mural, Man at the Crossroads.
- Contemporary Mexican artists and craftsmen: a fresco plasterer, a potter, a woodcarver, a tinsmith, a weaver and basket makers.
- Rivera painting a fresco depicting the Liberty Tree, and North and South American patriots.
- Simon Bolivar, 1783-1830, "the Liberator" and emancipator of the slaves in Venezuela.
- Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, 1753-1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, regarded as the father of Mexican independence.
- Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon, 1765-1815, Mexican priest, military leader and statesman who fought for Mexican independence.
- George Washington, 1732-1799, a leader of the American Revolution and first President of the United States.
- Thomas Jefferson, 1743-1826, author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States. The quotation reads "The tree of Liberty needs to be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants." (From his letter to William Stephens Smith in 1787)
- Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865, 16th President of the United States and emancipator of the slaves, shown with the Gettysburg Address.
- John Brown, 1800-1859, abolitionist who fought to end slavery in the U.S.
- Tehuantepec sculptress, representing a matriarchal society in southern Mexico in which women do the creative work.