Handout 1: Ethical Theories Chart

Moral system

Consequentialism: An action is right if it produces best consequence

Deontology: An action is right if it follows a moral rule

Virtue Ethics: An action is right if it is what a virtuous person would do in the situation

Ethic is based on ...

Ethic of conduct

Ethic of conduct

Ethic of character

Example of a theory

Utilitarianism

Kantianism

Aristotelianism

Question asked

How do I get what is best for society?

What is the rational thing to do?

What is the best kind of person to be?

Right and wrong

The action is right if it results in the best consequence.

The action is right if it fits the moral code, no matter the consequence.

The action is right if it embodies the greatest virtue.

For more information contact religiouseducation@uua.org.

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