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Handout 2: Calvinism versus Historic Universalism

CALVINISM

HISTORIC UNIVERSALISM

Humans are inherently sinful and depraved

Humans are flawed but not inherently depraved. All should be loved, respected, and forgiven because they are loved by God

God arbitrarily chooses who will be saved

God saves everyone, without exception

Christ died only for the chosen

Christ came to save everyone

People can choose to follow God only if they are already chosen

All people can choose to follow God through the teachings of Jesus.

The chosen cannot be damned no matter how badly they behave; those not chosen can never get to heaven no matter how well they live

All people will ultimately join God in heaven. Living a "bad" life will be punished, but God is merciful and forgiving. Good works do matter.

God's nature is unknowable

God's nature is love

Holiness and happiness have no connection

Holiness and happiness are inseparable

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