The Long Challenge: The Empowerment Controversy (1967-1977) by Victor Carpenter (Chicago: Meadville Lombard Press, 2004)

The Arc of the Universe Is Long: Unitarian Universalists, Anti-Racism and the Journey from Calgary by Leslie Takahashi Morris, James (Chip) Roush, and Leon Spencer (Boston: Skinner House, 2009)

Black Pioneers in a White Denomination by Mark Morrison-Reed (Boston: Skinner House, 1992)

Crisis and Change: My Years as President of the Unitarian Universalist Association, 1969-1977 by Robert Nelson West (Boston: Skinner House, 2007)

Wilderness Journey: The Struggle for Black Empowerment and Racial Justice within the Unitarian Universalist Association, 1967-1970, a DVD available from the UUA’s office of Multicultural Growth and Witness, includes Unitarian Universalist leaders first-hand recollections of the Empowerment Controversy.

For more information contact religiouseducation@uua.org.